Indicators of Simulated Driving Performance in Teens with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Classen, S., Monahan M., & Brown, K. (2014). Indicators of simulated driving performance in teens with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy (OJOT), Vol. 2, Iss. 1, Art. 3. Available at: http://


Teens with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are four times more likely than their neurotypical peers to be involved in a crash, making them a potentially high-risk group for driving. This two-group design explored the differences in demographic, clinic off-road tests, and fitness to drive abilities of 9 teens with ADHD and 22 neurotypical teens. Results indicated that teens with ADHD did worse than neurotypical teens on tests of right visual acuity, right peripheral field, selective attention, and motor coordination. They also made more visual scanning, speed regulation, and total driving errors on the simulator. Prior to obtaining driver’s education, teens with ADHD may require the services of an OT-CDRS to determine their fitness to drive abilities.